Comprehensive tutorial with videos and all – How Not to Land an Orbital Rocket Booster – by SpaceX

 

The SpaceX keeps on lifting rockets, but little the people know how many of them fell down or exploded. This is a video that shows teh finest examples. I personally think that the detailed reports of the incidents should be put in a written form and shared around to the people who wish to know more about this rocket business. Future is not far away and flying around the planet in the lower orbit can be just around the corner. You can’t learn from the success the same as from the things that failed.

Elon Musk chooses Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has announced the first passenger for the first private SpaceX flight around the Moon to be – beyond a surprise – an insanely rich Japanese fashion designer and founder of Japan’s online fashion mall, Zozotown.


Image source

Now, everyone knew this is going to be some rich guy taking the first seat with an upfront payment because Musk couldn’t possibly acquire that much money to build a cutting edge carbon based spacecraft that is said to cost more than the Holly Grail…

Billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will spend 4-5 days on a mission around the Moon and expressed the desire to take with himself a crew solely made of various artists. The mission is scheduled for 2023- 2024 approx. when the SpaceX builds a rocket and makes all the necessary preparations.

In other words the rocket is not going to be ready for a while but Yusaku Maezawa already made a lucrative down payment which is by no surprise a secret to public. Personally I thought, why secret? I mean everyone knows spacecrafts don’t fall from the sky as they are insanely expensive.

I think this is a good choice. A billionaire will help him build a rocket with his investment. Personally I think that guy is very brave ( or a bit nuts and dumb, lol – you have to be) because the complexity of a project gives me a feeling that anything can go wrong and the worst case scenario is not so far from the reality.

If doomed, a loss of a rich person who lived his life to the fullest ( unless you are him) and a few artists ( unless you are them) is not fundamentally important for the advancement, security or evolution of the rest of us. I am just stating the obvious, plus Musk already explained numerous times that the thing get blown, rocket explode and the first ( space) mission (s) ( to Mars) could result in catastrophe.

One of the reasons why this is a so hard to do, is a size of a rocket that is said to be ( partially ??) made of the carbon fibers. The problem is that it is a tacky job, and stuff could easily go wrong. That material is much lighter, and a spacecraft size in that way is not a problem. But, a material is suspect-able to various errors which could be dooming in the space or even during the takeoffs… so an every part of this thing has to be cured perfectly. In short – one very tedious thing to make.

Leave me your opinion below. A live show video is in the cover.

More to read on the similar topic:

Elon Musk shut his trap and it rains cheese again

Love, joy and perpetual happiness to all good people.

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Elon Musk shut his trap and it rains cheese again

The actual title of an article was ‘Tesla had a scandal-free week, and the stock gained 12 percent’ but in fair translation it would be Elon Musk not granting some pedestrians an opportunity to irk his flakes up the ‘zucking’ ceiling…

I would like to say the dandruff, but then again, all those sassy libel cases..Didn’t that guy ‘fagottized’ Musk, just before the subject of the graphical imagery decided to go full Monty and demonize the rooster out of him?
Yes, that verbal spoof holds a legal relevance…

Personally, I don’t even think that dove-dive dip of a drop had anything with all the beef, bacon and curd splashed on the plebeians.
We might entertain it is because of us, but what’s the point.
The things get notion if a garlic starts trending. Depends not on the garlic, right?

Also, stay tuned, a blond boi is blasting some lucky chimp ( champ, sorry) up around the Moon ( an actual moon) in short notion.
Now, that should be interesting. Prepare all your divinities for higher force assistance.
Nothing wrong with a pinch of a good vibe.

Cover Image Source SpaceX on Pexels

 

3D AI Computes With Light

Source: techcrunch.com

This form of artificial intelligence uses light refraction in lieu of processing numbers with algorithms. Back several decades ago, the cutting edge was a light computer. Mind that I read about this idea at a time before computers were ubiquitous. The prospects for a computer which is powered by light rather than electricity would theoretically run faster and cooler than one that used electrons.

The light computer would have a light pump instead of a power source, it would use optical fibers instead of wires and the processing components would also work with light. As far as I have read, they are still working on devising components that will operate on photons rather than electrons.

As a thought, I am researching the use of available components but the wiring would be optic fibers. This would lower the use of electricity but it would still be required. That isn’t an issue as a power source is still needed to run the light pump. Replacing the wires or circuit board traces with optics would lower the time for the signal to be routed from chip to chip as they would move a close to the speed of light rather than the speed of electrons running through a conductor. The overall heat will be reduced as the optic fiber has less resistance than the electrical conductors. To convert the light data to electrons, the fibers need to have an optocoupler.

Researchers at UCLA have demonstrated this AI computing by printing 3D layers of transparent material. The layers have a diffraction pattern imprinted. These patterns work to diffract the light being inputted and manipulates the light to perform mathematical operations on the light.

There are different ways to encoded information on a light beam. One way is to toggle the light on and off, by this method the ‘on’ state would be seen as a ‘one’ and the ‘off’ state of ‘zero’. This is similar to how computers pass their data through electronic conductors, only it uses voltage. Another way is by having light with data encoded interfere with another light with encoded data. When the light patterns both are in the ‘on’ state, the output will be a brighter light. When one is ‘off’ and the other is ‘on’ the output will be a dimmer light and when they are both ‘off’ the output will be no light.

This is the basic method of what they have done with these transparent layers. By having the diffusion pattern on one layer in line with another diffusion pattern on the next layer, the output from one layer will be transferred to the next and the interaction of the data will manipulated on by each layer.

Source: techcrunch.com

This could be used like a traditional computer uses a math co-processor and even a video rendering board. A co-processor runs along side of the CPU, when the CPU has a math calculation it will output the data to the co-processor and the CPU can process other data at the same time the co-processor is doing the math computation. When the co-processor is done, it sends the answer back to the CPU.

Water Based Battery

Source: rt.com

Stanford scientists have developed a manganese hydrogen battery that is water based. There are many scientist working on a lower cost replacement for the current battery technology. The scientific community is working to deliver a way to store electricity that is economical and safe. As our society is growing more energy reliant.

Energy from traditional sources is reaching a tipping point. Most of our energy is generated by non renewable source like coal or natural gas. Other energy comes from nuclear plants which have been plagued by flaws that are very detrimental to the environment. There is a push to produce reliable energy from renewable sources.

As new technology discovers ways to produce the energy, there must also be improved ways to store the energy. A limitation of energy is that once it is generated it must be stored for future use. If it is not able to be stored, it will just dissipate and be wasted.

Batteries are a good method to store energy but today’s batteries are not ideal storage vessels. They are expensive and they can only be recharged a limited number of times before they will no longer hold a charge and must be replaced. The material used in some batteries is in short supply like lithium.

The battery developed by Stanford scientist uses manganese which is the 12th most abundant of the elements found in the Earth’s crust. The battery operates by using a reversible electron exchange between water and manganese sulfate. Once the electrons meet the manganese sulfate it will dissolve in the water leaving manganese dioxide on the electrode and hydrogen gas will be given off. The hydrogen gas is used to generate electricity. Once the electrode is depleted of the manganese sulfate, the battery can be recharged by reversing the electron flow. This will cause the manganese dioxide to combine with the water and change back into manganese sulfate.
Source: myseience.org

DNA Hard Drive

Source: gizmodo.com

A nascent technology is researching encoding data into DNA. By encoding data bits into tiny molecules of DNA, they are hoping to fit entire data centers in a few flasks of DNA. They predict that it will be accomplished by the end of the decade.

As the computer has evolved, there is a need for more storage. In the early years of computers, a few kilobytes were satisfactory to accomplish most programs. Today we the computer has expanded the need for storage into the terabytes and it is still growing. They anticipate that by 2025 global storage capacity will require zettabytes. Per Moore’s law, the growth for increase storage is not waning. The problem now is the physical space needed for all the storage drives.

DNA storage is a possible alternative. First, it is extremely dense so that more data can be stored per space. DNA is a double helix chain consisting of four nucleotide bases, adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C) and guanine (G). The DNA chain is folded tightly thus it is very dense. By encoding the data into combinations of the nucleotide bases, it can be used as a storage media. For example, by use of an algorithm an A can represent a ‘0’, an T can represent a ‘1’, a C can represent a ’10’ and a G can represent a ’11’. The numbers represented by the nucleotide bases can be changed to represent any binary number. The end result is that data can be stored in a stable media take requires a much smaller physical space.

To retrieve the information, the DNA can be read by using a sequencing technology such as Oxford Nanopore’s MinION. Over all this storage technology is a cost effect alternative that provide greater shelf life and a stable media without using as much physical space.

Source: singularityhub.com

 

Vodafone and Nokia will Install 4G Network on The Moon by 2019


San Francisco – The moon will get a 4G mobile phone network next year, 50 years after the first NASA astronaut landed on the lunar surface, the Daily Mail reported on Tuesday, February 27, 2018.

Vodafone Germany, Nokia and Audi say they work together to support missions that allow rover (moonlight) to communicate with each other.

If it continues, it will also allow high definition live streaming of the Moon landscape to Earth. This is part of a project that aims to travel to the moon commercially.

Vodafone says it has appointed Nokia as its technology partner to develop a space-class network, which is a small piece of hardware weighing less than a bag of sugar.

The plan is to connect two Audi month rovers to the base station in the Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA).

The 4G network will allow the Audi moon rover to transfer HD scientific and video data as they study the NASA Apollo 17 moon explorer used by the last astronaut to run on the Moon.

The researchers said the two rovers will also send HD images directly to Earth as they travel within 200 meters (656 feet) of the rover.

The companies are working with the Berlin-based PTScientists company on the project, with a scheduled launch in 2019 from Cape Canaveral with SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, Vodafone said.

“This project involves a radical innovative approach to the development of mobile network infrastructure,” said Vodafone German Chief Executive Hannes Ametsreiter.

An executive involved said the decision to build a 4G network, not a sophisticated 5G network, was taken because the next generation network was still in the testing and testing stages. This means it may not be stable enough to work from the lunar surface.


Development of Infrastructure Outside The Planet


PTScientists, a Berlin-based company, announced that the moon will have its own 4G network next year. This network was developed as part of Mission to the Moon, a project that aspires to land the first private mission on the moon.

“In order for humans to leave the earth, we need to develop infrastructure outside our home planet,” said Robert Bohme, CEO and founder of PTScientists.

To do so, PTScientists collaborated with Vodafone Germany and Audi to develop a tool called Ultra Compact Network.

Vodafone also announced that it has demonstrated Nokia as a technology partner to make the Ultra Compact Network small enough and no heavier than a kilogram. The plan, the network will be used to support communication between two Audi robots with the earth when exploring NASA’s Apollo17 moon vehicle.

This communication can be either high resolution video or data. When running smoothly, PTScientists predict that the project will be launched in 2019 along with SpaceX’s Falcon9 rocket. “With the Mission to the Moon, we have determined and tested the first element of the communication network on the moon,” Bohme said.

He continued, the interesting thing about this LTE solution is that it uses less power, and the less energy we use to send data, then we will have more opportunities to do science.


 

https://steemit.com/busy/@nabilah48/vodafone-and-nokia-will-install-4g-network-on-the-moon-by-2019

 

Rainbow in a Glass

Source: giphy.com

This is a fun experiment you can do with your kids. It just takes some water, sugar and some food coloring.

Fill a glass about 1/4 high with some water and add sugar to the water. Start with about a tablespoon and mix until the sugar dissolves. You may need to add more sugar until the water gets saturated with sugar. Once it has reached saturation, add a few drops of food coloring.

Next trickle water along the side of the glass filling it another 1/4 full. Add sugar to this next layer, being careful not to mix it will the bottom 1/4 with the food color. On this layer, mix in less sugar then the amount you added to the bottom layer. Once the sugar is dissolved add another color to the mixture.

To complete, repeat the process adding less sugar to each layer and using a different food color.

How it works. When you saturate water with sugar, it makes the solution denser. The denser solution will sink lower in the glass. The food coloring will mix with the solution in which it was added but some of the color will migrate at the junction where the different layers meet.

Hints – heating the water will help the sugar dissolve but don’t heat the water too much. I found that if I mix the next layer in a separate glass it is easier to stir in the sugar and the coloring without disturbing the lower layer.

Source: sciencealert.com

Source: planet-science.com (Title photo)

Eco Friendly Battery

Source: giphy.com

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp (NTT) has developed an eco-friendly battery. They claim the battery can be disposed of in soil without harming the environment.

Conventional batteries contain zinc alloy, rare metals and other materials which are harmful to the environment. The eco-friendly battery contains fertilizer and natural elements which will not harm the soil.

To test if the battery is environmentally friendly, they smashed the battery into small pieces and buried the pieces in the soil next to a vegetable plant. The plant showed no adverse effects from the battery.

There is still a problem with the battery because it has limited capacity. They will continue to research to find ways to increase the capacity.

Source: japantoday.com

howstuffworks.com (Title photo)

Genes Continue to Function After Death

Scientist have discovered that some genes continue to function for a period after death, in fact some genes actually get more active. They believe they can use this discovery to determine a more accurate time of a person’s death.

Human genes and their activity are defined by two types of code, DNA and RNA. DNA is the set of instructions, RNA is used to read the instructions and based on the instructions the RNA initiates actions or bodily functions. Scientist discovered that the RNA continues its work even though the human has died.

The lead researcher Roderic Guigo explained

“There is a reaction by the cells to the death of the individual. We see some pathways, some genes, that are activated and this means that sometime after death there is still some activity at the level of transcription. I would guess that one of the major changes is due to the cessation of flow of blood, therefore I would say probably the main environmental change is hypoxia, the lack of oxygen, but I don’t have the proof for this”.

The following photo is a drawing of a cell splitting, the RNA is responsible for duplicating the DNA strand in the original cell. The copied DNA chain is transferred into the new created cell. This cell splitting is called mitosis.
Source: rt.com

Mitosis

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