Tamarix aphylla is botanical name of Ghaz, Toolha and khagal (these are its local names).
This plant is suitable for shelter belt plantation. It is a fast growing tree specie. Its plantation is easy. It is drought tolerant plant. Tamarix aphylla saves crops and fruit trees from strong winds and wind storm. It reduces the wind erosion which is the main problem of sandy desserts.Its plantation stops shifting of sand dunes, which causes severe problem of road blockage due to dunes shifting on roads and paths as shown in the picture.
Its propagation is so easy. It can be propagated by making stumps and can be sown during moon soon rainy season. Its water requirement is quite less.
Tamarix aphylla is used as a fodder for camel. In the dessert there is shortage of fodder therefore this plants leaves were used as a fodder for camel , sheep and goats.
The pictures shown above are grazing of camel on Tamarix aphylla big tree and small shrub. Its wood is also used for making roofs of houses in the dessert areas and also used for doors and windows.